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Cell Mol Immunol. 2006 Oct;3(5):379-84.

Therapeutic effects of DNA vaccine on allergen-induced allergic airway inflammation in mouse model.

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  • 1Inflammation and Allergic Diseases Research Unit, Affiliated Hospital of Luzhou Medical College, Luzhou 646000, Sichuan, China.


Vaccination with DNA encoding Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus group 2 (Der p 2) allergen previously showed its effects of immunologic protection on Der p 2 allergen-induced allergic airway inflammation in mice. In present study, we investigated whether DNA vaccine encoding Der p 2 could exert therapeutic role on allergen-induced allergic airway inflammation in mouse model and explored the mechanism of DNA vaccination in asthma specific-allergen immunotherapy. After sensitized and challenged by Der p 2, the BALB/c mice were immunized with DNA vaccine. The degrees of cellular infiltration were scored. IgE levels in serum and IL-4/IL-13 levels in BALF were determined by ELISA. The lung tissues were assessed by histological examinations. Expressions of STAT6 and NF-kappaB in lung were determined by immunohistochemistry staining. Vaccination of mice with DNA vaccine inhibited the development of airway inflammation and the production of mucin induced by allergen, and reduced the level of Der p 2-specific IgE level. Significant reductions of eosinophil infiltration and levels of IL-4 and IL-13 in BALF were observed after vaccination. Further more, DNA vaccination inhibited STAT6 and NF-kappaB expression in lung tissue in Der p 2-immunized mice. These results indicated that DNA vaccine encoding Der p 2 allergen could be used for therapy of allergen-induced allergic airway inflammation in our mouse model.

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