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J Phys Chem B. 2006 Nov 16;110(45):22382-6.

Large-area highly-oriented SiC nanowire arrays: synthesis, Raman, and photoluminescence properties.

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  • 1College of Electromechanical Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266061, Shandong, P. R. China.


Large-area highly oriented SiC nanowire arrays have been fabricated by chemical vapor reaction using an ordered nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) template and a graphite reaction cell. Their microstructures were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The results show that the nanowires are single-crystalline beta-SiC's with diameters of about 30-60 nm and lengths of about 8 microm, which are parallel to each other, uniformly distributed, highly oriented, and in agreement with the nanopore diameter of the applied AAO template. The nanowire axes lie along the [111] direction and possess a high density of planar defects. Some unique optical properties are found in the Raman spectroscopy and photoluminescence emission from oriented SiC nanowire arrays, which are different from previous observations of SiC materials. The growth mechanism of oriented SiC nanowire arrays is also analyzed and discussed.

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