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Sex Transm Infect. 2007 Jun;83(3):237-41. Epub 2006 Nov 7.

Mycoplasma genitalium: prevalence and behavioural risk factors in the general population.

Author information

  • 1Research Unit for General Practice, Vennelyst Boulevard 6, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark. ba@alm.au.dk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mycoplasma genitalium has been shown to cause urethritis in men and cervicitis in women and may also be a causative agent in female infertility.

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate the prevalence of urogenital M genitalium infection and identify sexual behavioural risk factors in the general population.

METHODS:

Participating individuals were 731 men and 921 women aged 21-23 years and not seeking the healthcare system because of symptoms. They answered questionnaires on sexual behaviour and provided samples for M genitalium testing.

RESULTS:

In women aged 21-23 years, the prevalence of infection was 2.3% (21/921) and in men of the same age it was 1.1% (8/731). For both sexes, an increasing number of partners was associated with a greater chance of being infected. Among women a shorter duration of a steady relationship and having a partner with symptoms was associated with being infected, and for men younger age at first intercourse was associated with M genitalium infection.

CONCLUSIONS:

We conclude that the prevalence of infection in the general population is too low for population-based screening. However, the development of test algorithms based on behavioural risk factors is a promising alternative.

PMID:
17090566
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2659104
Free PMC Article
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