Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Cytokine. 2006 Sep;35(5-6):275-83. Epub 2006 Nov 7.

Local production of chemokines and prostaglandin E2 in the acute, chronic and recovery phase of murine experimental colitis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Integrative Pharmacology, AstraZeneca R&D Mölndal, GI Biology, SE-431 83, Sweden. silvia.melgar@astrazeneca.com

Abstract

Increased levels of chemokines and prostaglandins have been reported in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, although their changes during disease development are less understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the local production of nine selected chemokines and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) to elucidate their role in colitis progression in BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice exposed to dextran sulphate sodium. The acute inflammation in both strains was accompanied by a significant up-regulation of CXCL1, CXCL2/3, CXCL10, CCL2, CCL4 and CCL22 and a downregulation of PGE(2). In the recovery phase in BALB/c, one-week post-DSS, PGE(2) levels were significantly increased with a concomitant downregulation of CXCL1, CXCL2/3, CXCL10, CCL2, and CCL4. In contrast, in C57BL/6 mice CXCL1, CXCL2/3, CXCL10, CCL2, CCL3 and CCL4 production remained high during the chronic phase, without any up-regulation of PGE(2). In addition, CCL5 was significantly increased at d26 and 33 compared to d5. Interestingly, the number of macrophages was significantly increased during the acute phase, whereas T cells were significantly increased in both the acute and chronic phase in C57BL/6 mice. Thus, our results show that chemokines are produced in a dynamic manner during colitis progression.

PMID:
17088072
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk