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Clin Cancer Res. 2006 Nov 1;12(21):6573-84.

Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 antagonist antibody as a therapeutic agent for cancer.

Author information

  • 1Department of Experimental Therapeutics, ImClone Systems, Inc., New York, New York 10014, USA. Yan.Wu@imclone.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (VEGFR-1) plays important roles in promotion of tumor growth by mediating cellular functions in tumor vascular endothelium and cancer cells. Blockade of VEGFR-1 activation has been shown to inhibit pathologic angiogenesis and tumor growth, implicating VEGFR-1 as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of cancer. We have thus developed a VEGFR-1 antagonist human monoclonal antibody designated as IMC-18F1 and evaluated its antitumor activity in preclinical experimental models to show the therapeutic potential of the antibody for cancer treatment in clinic.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

Human IgG transgenic mice were used for generation of anti-VEGFR-1 antibodies. Anti-VEGFR-1-specific blocking antibodies were identified using solid-phase binding and blocking assays. Inhibitory antitumor cell activity of IMC-18F1 was assessed in cell-based kinase and growth assays. Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic studies were done to determine the association of antibody blood level with antitumor efficacy of the antibody in vivo. Antitumor efficacy of the anti-VEGFR-1 antibodies as monotherapy and in combination with cytotoxic agents was evaluated in human breast cancer xenograft models.

RESULTS:

A fully human neutralizing antibody, IMC-18F1, was shown to be a high-affinity (KD=54 pmol) inhibitor of VEGFR-1 ligand binding (VEGF-A, VEGF-B, and placental growth factor). IMC-18F1 inhibited ligand-induced intracellular activation of VEGFR-1 and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling and prevented ligand-stimulated in vitro growth of breast cancer cells. In vivo, IMC-18F1 suppressed the growth of human breast tumor xenografts in association with reduced mitogen-activated protein kinase and Akt activation, reduced tumor cell proliferation, and increased tumor cell apoptosis. Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic studies established a plasma elimination half-life of 5 days for IMC-18F1 and a steady-state trough plasma therapeutic threshold of 88 microg/mL. Importantly, inhibition of mouse and human VEGFR-1 with MF1 and IMC-18F1, respectively, enhanced the antitumor efficacy of cytotoxic agents commonly used to treat breast cancer.

CONCLUSIONS:

Based on preclinical validation studies, IMC-18F1 anti-VEGFR-1 has potential to provide clinical benefit to cancer patients.

PMID:
17085673
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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