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J Biomed Sci. 2007 Jan;14(1):67-85. Epub 2006 Nov 3.

A comparative study of cells in inflammation, EAE and MS using biomedical literature data mining.

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  • 1Department of Computer and Information Science, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.


Biomedical literature and database annotations, available in electronic forms, contain a vast amount of knowledge resulting from global research. Users, attempting to utilize the current state-of-the-art research results are frequently overwhelmed by the volume of such information, making it difficult and time-consuming to locate the relevant knowledge. Literature mining, data mining, and domain specific knowledge integration techniques can be effectively used to provide a user-centric view of the information in a real-world biological problem setting. Bioinformatics tools that are based on real-world problems can provide varying levels of information content, bridging the gap between biomedical and bioinformatics research. We have developed a user-centric bioinformatics research tool, called BioMap, that can provide a customized, adaptive view of the information and knowledge space. BioMap was validated by using inflammatory diseases as a problem domain to identify and elucidate the associations among cells and cellular components involved in multiple sclerosis (MS) and its animal model, experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE). The BioMap system was able to demonstrate the associations between cells directly excavated from biomedical literature for inflammation, EAE and MS. These association graphs followed the scale-free network behavior (average gamma = 2.1) that are commonly found in biological networks.

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