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Fertil Steril. 2007 Jan;87(1):53-9. Epub 2006 Nov 1.

Relationship between endometrial thickness and embryo implantation, based on 1,294 cycles of in vitro fertilization with transfer of two blastocyst-stage embryos.

Author information

  • 1Shady Grove Fertility Reproductive Science Center, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA. kevin.richter@integramed.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the relationship between endometrial thickness and clinical outcome of IVF and ET.

DESIGN:

Retrospective study.

SETTING:

Private assisted reproductive technology center.

PATIENTS:

One thousand two hundred and ninety-four infertility patients.

INTERVENTIONS:

IVF and fresh autologous ET of two blastocyst-stage embryos, including at least one good-quality blastocyst.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Clinical pregnancy rate (PR) and spontaneous abortion rate.

RESULTS:

Endometrial thickness was greater in cycles resulting in pregnancy than in cycles not resulting in pregnancy (11.9 vs. 11.3 mm, respectively). Clinical pregnancy rates increased gradually from 53% among patients with a lining of <9 mm, to 77% among patients with a lining of > or =16 mm. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated significant effects of age, embryo quality, and endometrial thickness on both clinical pregnancy rates and live-birth or ongoing pregnancy rates. There was also a marginally significant trend toward decreasing rates of spontaneous pregnancy loss with increasing endometrial thickness.

CONCLUSIONS:

Clinical pregnancy and live-birth or ongoing pregnancy rates increase significantly with increasing endometrial thickness, independent of the effects of patient age and embryo quality.

PMID:
17081537
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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