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J Biol Chem. 1991 Apr 15;266(11):6682-5.

Cloning of an alternate form of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM1).

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  • 1Biogen, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142.


Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM1) of the Ig superfamily is induced by the inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). It binds to mononuclear leukocytes via the integrin VLA-4. We have cloned and expressed a cDNA encoding a new form of human VCAM1 containing an additional Ig homologous domain inserted between the third and fourth domains of the original six-domain protein. Characterization of mRNA from HUVECs from three individuals at various time points after induction by tumor necrosis factor indicates that both the long and short VCAM1 mRNAs are made by all three individuals, with the long form predominating quantitatively. Immunoprecipitation of VCAM1 protein from cos7 cells transfected with each cDNA and from cultured endothelial cells followed by deglycosylation suggests that the long form is the major form found on endothelium. The two forms may result from alternate splicing of a precursor mRNA. Both forms support adhesion of VLA-4-expressing cell lines.

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