Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Exp Cell Res. 1991 May;194(1):69-77.

The integrin complex alpha v beta 3 participates in the adhesion of microvascular endothelial cells to fibronectin.

Author information

  • 1Department of Anatomy, University of California, San Francisco 94143.


Fibronectin is a major adhesive glycoprotein of the vascular basement membrane. Since fibronectin is also found in the interstitium, it may be important not only for attachment but also for endothelial cell migration during neovascularization. We have analyzed how human dermal microvascular endothelial cells use their diverse set of integrin receptors to interact with this ligand. Immunofluorescent staining with specific antibodies identified both beta 1 and beta 3 integrin receptor complexes in focal adhesion plaques on cells adhering to immobilized fibronectin. Adhesion assays with blocking monoclonal antibodies implicated both beta 1 and beta 3 complexes, specifically alpha 5 beta 1 and alpha v beta 3, in the initial adhesion of cells to fibronectin. Finally, ligand affinity chromatography of extracts of surface radiolabeled cells established that both alpha 5 beta 1 and alpha v beta 3 could bind to the 110-kDa cell-binding fragment of fibronectin. An additional receptor complex composed of an alpha v subunit and a beta 5-like subunit was also detected. These results provide evidence that microvascular endothelial cells use multiple integrin receptors, from several beta families, to attach to fibronectin surfaces.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk