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Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Nov;108(5):1319-22.

ACOG Committee Opinion No. 348, November 2006: Umbilical cord blood gas and acid-base analysis.

Abstract

Umbilical cord blood gas and acid-base assessment are the most objective determinations of the fetal metabolic condition at the moment of birth. Moderate and severe newborn encephalopathy, respiratory complications, and composite complication scores increase with an umbilical arterial base deficit of 12-16 mmol/L. Moderate or severe newborn complications occur in 10% of neonates who have this level of acidemia and the rate increases to 40% in neonates who have an umbilical arterial base deficit greater than 16 mmol/L at birth. Immediately after the delivery of the neonate, a segment of umbilical cord should be double-clamped, divided, and placed on the delivery table. Physicians should attempt to obtain venous and arterial blood cord samples in circumstances of cesarean delivery for fetal compromise, low 5-minute Apgar score, severe growth restriction, abnormal fetal heart rate tracing, maternal thyroid disease, intrapartum fever, or multifetal gestation.

PMID:
17077266
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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