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HPLC/tandem ion trap mass detector methods for determination of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) and thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT).

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  • 1Heart Science Centre, Imperial College, London, UK.


The efficiency of Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and Azathioprine (AZA) as immunosuppressive agents depends on the activity of 2 enzymes, inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) and thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) respectively. We present preliminary evaluation of nonradioactive methods that apply HPLC with ion-trap mass detection to measure the activities of IMPDH in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and TPMT in the erythrocytes (RBC). We found IMPDH activity of 0.9 +/- 0.2 nmol/hour/10(6) PBMC and TPMT activity of 19.9 +/- 4.7 nmol/hour/ml RBC in healthy subjects. These methods, following its further validation, could be useful for monitoring the activity in a clinical and experimental setting.

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