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Ultrasonics. 2007 Mar;46(1):1-12. Epub 2006 Oct 2.

Impact of localized inhomogeneity on the surface-wave velocity and bulk-wave reflection in solids.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Mécanique Physique, UMR CNRS 5469, Université Bordeaux 1, 351, Cours de la Libération, F-33405 Talence Cedex, France. a.shuvalov@lmp.u-bordeaux1.fr <a.shuvalov@lmp.u-bordeaux1.fr>


The effect of a weak surface, near-surface and interfacial inhomogeneity on the frequency dependence of the surface wave velocity and of the SH (shear horizontal) wave reflectivity in isotropic elastic media is studied analytically and numerically. The inhomogeneity is modeled as an infinite planar layer with continuously varying properties. Weak inhomogeneity may markedly affect the dispersion of the Rayleigh velocity and especially of the reflectivity. It is demonstrated how this effect, particularly pronounced at high frequency, depends on the extent of inhomogeneity. The material data for damaged and ideal concrete and several simple examples of inhomogeneity profiles are utilized for the numerical calculations based on the Peano expansion. The use of explicit low- and high-frequency approximations is also exemplified. Among these, simple WKB asymptotics are shown to be particularly helpful for the Rayleigh velocity in the case of a prominent inhomogeneity attached to the surface and for the reflection on weak interfaces.

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