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Biol Reprod. 1990 Nov;43(5):898-903.

Interleukin-1 beta is a potent stimulator of prostaglandin synthesis in bovine luteal cells.

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  • 1Department of Dairy Science, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210.


Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a polypeptide that has both local and systemic effects on numerous tissues, including endocrine cells. To evaluate the effect of IL-1 on luteal function, bovine luteal cells were cultured for 5 days with increasing concentrations (0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 2.5, 5.0, 10.0 ng/ml) of recombinant bovine interleukin-1 beta (rbIL-1 beta). IL-1 beta increased the production of luteal 6-keto-prostaglandin-F1 alpha (6-keto-PGF1 alpha), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) in a dose-dependent manner, but had no effect on progesterone (P4) production. Treatment with the cyclooxygenase inhibitor, indomethacin (5 micrograms/ml), inhibited basal, as well as rbIL-1 beta-stimulated prostaglandin production. Addition of Iloprost (a synthetic analogue of prostacyclin, 5 ng/ml) suppressed basal production of PGF2 alpha and PGE2, but did not reduce the stimulatory effect of rbIL-1 beta. Similarly, PGF2 alpha suppressed basal, but not IL-1 beta-stimulated, production of 6-keto-PGF1 alpha. PGE2 had no effect on the synthesis of either PGF2 alpha or 6-keto-PGF1 alpha. P4 (1.75 micrograms/ml) reduced basal as well as rbIL-1 beta-stimulated production of 6-keto-PGF1 alpha, PGE2, and PGF2 alpha. These results indicate that IL-1 beta could serve as an endogenous regulator of luteal prostaglandin production. It appears that IL-1 beta action is not modified by exogenous prostaglandins, but is at least partially regulated by elevated P4. It is possible that the role of IL-1 beta in stimulation of luteal prostaglandin production may be confined to a period characterized by low P4 levels, such as during luteal development or regression.

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