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J Hepatol. 1990 Nov;11(3):349-53.

Intraarterial adriamycin and lipiodol for inoperable hepatocellular carcinoma: a comparison with intravenous adriamycin.

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  • 1Liver Unit, King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London, United Kingdom.


The technique of 'targeting' cytotoxic drugs by mixing them with the contrast medium lipiodol is now widely used in Japan and the Far East where it has been reported to enhance response rates in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. In the present study 19 patients with this tumour were treated with intra-(hepatic) arterial adriamycin (60 mg/m2), at least one course of which was combined with lipiodol (10-20 ml). Two patients (11%) had a remission as indicated by a significant fall in serum alphafetoprotein and there was a reduction of tumour size in one of these. The median survival period was 3 months (range 1-18) with the two responding patients surviving 8 and 12 months. This response rate was no better than the figure of 14% seen in 31 consecutive patients treated with intravenous adriamycin at the same dose, and the survival curves of the two groups of patients were not significantly different. Lipiodol in combination with adriamycin is not superior to intravenous adriamycin administered alone.

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