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Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2006 Dec;18(6):658-67. Epub 2006 Oct 12.

Does aneuploidy cause cancer?

Author information

  • 1Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, University of California at San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0670, USA.

Erratum in

  • Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2007 Apr;19(2):246.

Abstract

Aneuploidy has been recognized as a common characteristic of cancer cells for >100 years. Aneuploidy frequently results from errors of the mitotic checkpoint, the major cell cycle control mechanism that acts to prevent chromosome missegregation. The mitotic checkpoint is often compromised in human tumors, although not as a result of germline mutations in genes encoding checkpoint proteins. Less obviously, aneuploidy of whole chromosomes rapidly results from mutations in genes encoding several tumor suppressors and DNA mismatch repair proteins, suggesting cooperation between mechanisms of tumorigenesis that were previously thought to act independently. Cumulatively, the current evidence suggests that aneuploidy promotes tumorigenesis, at least at low frequency, but a definitive test has not yet been reported.

PMID:
17046232
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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