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Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2007 Jan 15;150(2):219-32. Epub 2006 Oct 12.

Voltage-gated currents of tilapia prolactin cells.

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  • 1Békésy Laboratory of Neurobiology, University of Hawaii,1993 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA.

Abstract

The first recordings of neuron-like electrical activity from endocrine cells were made from fish pituitary cells. However, patch-clamping studies have predominantly utilized mammalian preparations. This study used whole-cell patch-clamping to characterize voltage-gated ionic currents of anterior pituitary cells of Oreochromis mossambicus in primary culture. Due to their importance for control of hormone secretion we emphasize analysis of calcium currents (I(Ca)), including using peptide toxins diagnostic for mammalian neuronal Ca(2+) channel types. These appear not to have been previously tested on fish endocrine cells. In balanced salines, inward currents consisted of a rapid TTX-sensitive sodium current and a smaller, slower I(Ca); there followed outward potassium currents dominated by delayed, sustained TEA-sensitive K(+) current. About half of cells tested from a holding potential (V(h)) of -90 mV showed early transient K(+) current; most cells showed a small Ca(2+)-mediated outward current. I-V plots of isolated I(Ca) with 15 mM [Ca(2+)](o) showed peak currents (up to 20 pA/pF from V(h) -90 mV) at approximately +10 mV, with approximately 60% I(Ca) for V(h) -50 mV and approximately 30% remaining at V(h) -30 mV. Plots of normalized conductance vs. voltage at several V(h)s were nearly superimposable. Well-sustained I(Ca) with predominantly Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation and inhibition of approximately 30% of total I(Ca) by nifedipine or nimodipine suggests participation of L-type channels. Each of the peptide toxins (omega-conotoxin GVIA, omega-agatoxin IVA, SNX482) alone blocked 36-54% of I(Ca). Inhibition by any of these toxins was additive to inhibition by nifedipine. Combinations of the toxins failed to produce additive effects. I(Ca) of up to 30% of total remained with any combination of inhibitors, but 0.1mM cadmium blocked all I(Ca) rapidly and reversibly. We did not find differences among cells of differing size and hormone content. Thus, I(Ca) is carried by high voltage-activated Ca(2+) channels of at least three types, but the molecular types may differ from those characterized from mammalian neurons.

PMID:
17045992
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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