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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Dec 1;350(4):1000-5. Epub 2006 Oct 4.

Fibronectin and laminin enhance engraftibility of cultured hematopoietic stem cells.

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  • 1Stem Cell Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067, India.


To test the hypothesis that extracellular matrix (ECM) components maintain stem cell property, murine bone marrow (BM) cells were expanded in fibronectin and laminin coated plate in the presence of cytokines. We observed significant phenotypic and functional improvement of expanded cells. In 10 days, 800-fold expansion of colony-forming unit-granulocyte erythrocyte monocyte megakaryocyte (CFU-GEMM) was observed in the cultured cells. No apparent activation of cell cycle was observed, but CD29 and very late antigen-4 (VLA-4) expression was increased, as compared to the normal BM cells. A fraction of the expanded cells became verapamil sensitive, suggesting upregulation of multi-drug resistant gene(s), as found in the primitive hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Competitive repopulation assay confirmed that HSCs compartment was amplified during culture. Overall, our study clearly demonstrated that ex vivo culture of murine HSCs in the presence of fibronectin and laminin resulted in expansion of primitive stem cells and improvement in the marrow engraftibility.

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