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J Biol Chem. 2006 Dec 22;281(51):39308-15. Epub 2006 Oct 16.

Sterol-regulated degradation of Insig-1 mediated by the membrane-bound ubiquitin ligase gp78.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA.

Abstract

Insig-1 and Insig-2, closely related endoplasmic reticulum membrane proteins, mediate transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms that assure cholesterol homeostasis through their sterol-induced binding to Scap (SREBP cleavage-activating protein) and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase. Recent studies show that Insig-1 (but not Insig-2) is ubiquitinated and rapidly degraded when cells are depleted of sterols. Conversely, ubiquitination of Insig-1 is blocked, and the protein is stabilized when intracellular sterols accumulate. Here, we report that the ubiquitin ligase gp78, which binds with much higher affinity to Insig-1 than Insig-2, is required for ubiquitination and degradation of Insig-1 in sterol-depleted cells. Sterols prevent Insig-1 ubiquitination and degradation by displacing gp78 from Insig-1, an event that results from sterol-induced binding of Scap to Insig-1. In addition to providing a mechanism for sterol-regulated degradation of Insig-1, these results help to explain why Scap is subject to endoplasmic reticulum retention upon Insig-1 binding, whereas 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase is ubiquitinated and degraded.

PMID:
17043353
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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