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J Infect Dis. 2006 Nov 1;194(9):1291-9. Epub 2006 Sep 27.

Human papillomavirus genotypes and the cumulative 2-year risk of cervical precancer.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA. cwheeler@salud.unm.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Prospective data on the risks of cervical precancer associated with specific human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes are limited.

METHODS:

In 5060 women participating in the Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance/Low-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions Triage Study (ALTS), we determined the cumulative 2-year risks of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2 or more severe (> or =CIN2) and of grade 3 or more severe (> or =CIN3) for 38 individual HPV genotypes, as detected by polymerase chain reaction.

RESULTS:

The most common HPV genotypes detected at baseline, in descending order of prevalence, were 16, 52, 51, 31, 18, 53, 39, 56, 62, 59, and 58. When detected as a single-type HPV infection, HPV-16 had a 2-year cumulative risk of 50.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 44.1%-57.2%) for > or =CIN2 and 39.1% (95% CI, 32.9%-45.7%) for > or =CIN3. For other singly detected carcinogenic HPV types, the risk of > or =CIN2 ranged from 4.7% (for HPV-59) to 29.5% (for HPV-31), and the risk of > or =CIN3 ranged from 0.0% (for HPV-59) to 14.8% (for HPV-31). Multiple infections with HPV genotypes of different risk classes resulted in a risk that was similar to, and not significantly different from, the risk observed for the HPV genotype of the highest risk class.

CONCLUSIONS:

Genotype-specific HPV testing may be useful for identifying women with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance and low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions who are at higher and lower risk of prevalent and incipient cervical precancer.

PMID:
17041856
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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