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J Hepatol. 2007 Jan;46(1):124-33. Epub 2006 Sep 22.

Leptin represses matrix metalloproteinase-1 gene expression in LX2 human hepatic stellate cells.

Author information

  • 1Alcohol Research and Treatment Center, James J. Peters VA Medical Center, Bronx, and Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Collagen accumulation in liver fibrosis is due in part to decreased expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 relative to TIMP-1. LX-2 hepatic stellate cells produce increased amounts of collagen and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 in response to leptin. The effect of leptin on MMP-1 production has not been reported.

METHODS:

LX-2 cells were treated with leptin with or without inhibitors. We determined: phosphorylation of Janus kinase (JAK) 1 and -2, signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3 and -5, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 and p38 by Western blot; H2O2 concentration by a colorimetric method; MMP-1 mRNA levels and stability by Northern blot; MMP-1 promoter activity as well as pro-MMP-1 by ELISA; and active MMP-1 by fluorescence.

RESULTS:

LX-2 cells constitutively expressed the MMP-1 gene and leptin repressed the basal level of MMP-1 mRNA and its promoter activity. The repression was mediated by JAK/STAT pathway in synergism with JAK-mediated H2O2-dependent ERK1/2 and p38 pathways. ERK1/2 inhibited MMP-1 promoter activity, whereas p38 decreased the message stability, contributing to mRNA down-regulation. Inhibition of MMP-1 gene diminished secreted pro-MMP-1 and active MMP-1.

CONCLUSIONS:

Leptin represses MMP-1 gene expression via the synergistic actions of the JAK/STAT pathway and JAK-mediated H2O2-dependent ERK1/2 and p38 pathways.

PMID:
17030072
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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