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J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2006 Oct;65(10):988-94.

Identification of der(1;19)(q10;p10) in five oligodendrogliomas suggests mechanism of concurrent 1p and 19q loss.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA.


Deletions of portions of chromosomes 1p and 19q are closely associated with the oligodendroglioma histologic phenotype. In most cases, 1p and 19q are codeleted, yet the mechanism of dual loss is unexplained. We report 5 cases (World Health Organization grade III) in which metaphase cytogenetics identified a derivative chromosome consisting of what appears to be the whole arms of 1q and 19p forming a der(1;19)(q10;p10). Metaphase fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) confirmed the derivative chromosome was composed of 1q and 19p material in 3 cases; in 2 cases with few metaphases, FISH confirmed 19p material on the derivative chromosome. In all cases, interphase FISH showed net loss of 1p and 19q in 77% to 92% of cells, and microsatellite studies were consistent with 1p and 19q loss. We hypothesize the following: occurrence of a balanced whole-arm translocation between chromosomes 1 and 19 forming 2 derivative chromosomes, one composed of 1q and 19p, the other of 1p and 19q. Subsequent loss of the der(1;19)(p10;q10) then results in the simultaneous 1p and 19q loss observed in oligodendroglioma with retention of the der(1;19)(q10;p10) seen in these cases.

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