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Neuron. 2006 Oct 5;52(1):77-92.

Mechanisms of neuropathic pain.

Author information

  • 1Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA. jcampbell@jhmi.edu

Abstract

Neuropathic pain refers to pain that originates from pathology of the nervous system. Diabetes, infection (herpes zoster), nerve compression, nerve trauma, "channelopathies," and autoimmune disease are examples of diseases that may cause neuropathic pain. The development of both animal models and newer pharmacological strategies has led to an explosion of interest in the underlying mechanisms. Neuropathic pain reflects both peripheral and central sensitization mechanisms. Abnormal signals arise not only from injured axons but also from the intact nociceptors that share the innervation territory of the injured nerve. This review focuses on how both human studies and animal models are helping to elucidate the mechanisms underlying these surprisingly common disorders. The rapid gain in knowledge about abnormal signaling promises breakthroughs in the treatment of these often debilitating disorders.

PMID:
17015228
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1810425
Free PMC Article
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