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Blood. 2007 Feb 1;109(3):1095-102. Epub 2006 Sep 28.

Annexin-1 modulates T-cell activation and differentiation.

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  • 1William Harvey Research Institute, Bart's and The London, Queen Mary School of Medicine and Dentistry, UK. f.dacquisto@qmul.ac.uk

Abstract

Annexin-1 is an anti-inflammatory protein that plays an important homeostatic role in innate immunity; however, its potential actions in the modulation of adaptive immunity have never been explored. Although inactive by itself, addition of annexin-1 to stimulated T cells augmented anti-CD3/CD28-mediated CD25 and CD69 expression and cell proliferation. This effect was paralleled by increased nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFATs), and activator protein-1 (AP-1) activation and preceded by a rapid T-cell receptor (TCR)-induced externalization of the annexin-1 receptor. Interestingly, differentiation of naive T cells in the presence of annexin-1 increased skewing in Th1 cells; in the collagen-induced arthritis model, treatment of mice with annexin-1 during the immunization phase exacerbated signs and symptoms at disease onset. Consistent with these findings, blood CD4+ cells from patients with rheumatoid arthritis showed a marked up-regulation of annexin-1 expression. Together these results demonstrate that annexin-1 is a molecular "tuner" of TCR signaling and suggest this protein might represent a new target for the development of drugs directed to pathologies where an unbalanced Th1/Th2 response or an aberrant activation of T cells is the major etiologic factor.

PMID:
17008549
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1855438
Free PMC Article

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