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Neurochem Res. 2006 Oct;31(10):1279-94. Epub 2006 Sep 28.

Possible mechanisms of neurodegeneration in schizophrenia.

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  • 1Department of Neurochemistry, National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Insurgentes Sur 3877 Col. La Fama. Tlalpan, 14269, Mexico City, Mexico.

Abstract

Brain morphological alterations in schizophrenic patients have led to the neurodevelopmental hypothesis of schizophrenia. On the other hand, a progressive neurodegenerative process has also been suggested and some follow-up studies have shown progressive morphological changes in schizophrenic patients. Several neurotransmitter systems have been suggested to be involved in this disorder and some of them could lead to neuronal death under certain conditions. This review discusses some of the biochemical pathways that could lead to neurodegeneration in schizophrenia showing that neuronal death may have a role in the etiology or natural course of this disorder.

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