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J Med Chem. 2006 Oct 5;49(20):6094-103.

Evaluation of azasterols as anti-parasitics.

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  • 1Welsh School of Pharmacy, Cardiff University, Redwood Building, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff CF10 3XF, UK.

Abstract

In this article, the design and synthesis of some novel azasterols is described, followed by their evaluation against Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, T. cruzi, Leishmania donovani, and Plasmodium falciparum, the causative agents of human African trypanosomiasis, Chagas disease, leishmaniasis, and malaria, respectively. Some of the compounds showed anti-parasitic activity. In particular, a number of compounds appeared to very potently inhibit the growth of the blood stream form T. b. rhodesiense, with one compound giving an IC50 value of 12 nM. Clear structure activity relationships could be discerned. These compounds represent important leads for further optimization. Azasterols have previously been shown to inhibit sterol biosynthesis in T. cruzi and L. donovani by the inhibition of the enzyme sterol 24-methyltransferase. However, in this case, none of the compounds showed inhibition of the enzyme. Therefore, these compounds have an unknown mode of action.

PMID:
17004723
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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