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Child Dev. 2006 Sep-Oct;77(5):1427-33.

Contextual influences on Latino adolescent ethnic identity and academic outcomes.

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  • 1Department of Human Development & Family Studies, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, NC 27402-6170, USA.


This study examined the association between 3 components of ethnic identity (exploration, resolution, and affirmation) and factors related to family, neighborhood, and individual characteristics. The purpose was to identity factors that are positively associated with adolescent ethnic identity among a sample of 187 Latino adolescents with a mean age of 14.61. The findings suggested that family ethnic socialization was directly associated with exploration and resolution, but not ethnic affirmation. Analyses with moderator variables suggested that associations between family ethnic socialization and ethnic affirmation varied based on parental behaviors and neighborhood characteristics. The results also suggested that ethnic affirmation, but not exploration or resolution, was positively associated with teacher reports of school performance.

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