Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am Heart J. 2006 Oct;152(4):761.e1-6.

A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled multicenter clinical trial to evaluate the effects of the angiotensin II receptor blocker candesartan cilexetil on intimal hyperplasia after coronary stent implantation.

Author information

  • 1Medical Clinic I, RWTH University Hospital Aachen, Aachen, Germany. radke@innere2.uni-luebeck.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Preclinical data suggest beneficial effects of angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) on neointima formation after vascular injury. Preliminary clinical data, however, revealed conflicting results. The AACHEN trial was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical multicenter trial to evaluate the effects of candesartan cilexetil on intimal hyperplasia after coronary stent implantation.

METHODS:

A total of 120 patients (61 +/- 9 years, 83% male) were randomized to receive either 32 mg candesartan cilexetil (active) or placebo starting 7 to 14 days before elective coronary stent implantation. A follow-up angiography including intravascular ultrasound assessment of the target lesion was performed 24 +/- 2 weeks after stent implantation. The primary end point was defined as the difference in neointimal area between groups as assessed by intravascular ultrasound. Secondary end points included differences in angiographic parameters (ie, restenosis rate) and incidence of major cardiac events.

RESULTS:

The mean stent length measured 15.0 +/- 4.9 mm in the active and 14.6 +/- 5.7 mm in the placebo group (P = .81). There was no significant difference in neointimal area between groups (2.1 +/- 1.0 vs 2.1 +/- 1.5 mm2, P = 1.00), nor were there differences in angiographic end point parameters. Major cardiac event rates were not significantly different between treatment groups (8% vs 11%, P = .75).

CONCLUSIONS:

High-dose candesartan cilexetil therapy in patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease undergoing coronary stent implantation does not reduce clinical event rates, restenosis rates, or neointimal proliferation after elective stent implantation.

PMID:
16996855
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk