Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2006 Oct 1;58(8):962-74. Epub 2006 Aug 15.

The chemokine network: a target in cancer biology?

Author information

  • 1Centre for Translational Oncology, Institute of Cancer and the CR-UK Clinical Centre, Barts and The London Queen Mary's School of Medicine and Dentistry, 3rd Floor, John Vane Science Centre, Charterhouse Square, London, EC1M 6BQ, UK.


Chemokine gradients are central to the movement of cells in both homeostatic and pathological processes. Most cancers express a complex array of chemokines that influence the local microenvironment through recruitment of stromal cells and by stimulating angiogenesis. Recently, the discovery of chemokine receptors on tumor cells has led to speculation that the chemokine system may be involved in cancer cell growth and survival, and possibly the development of site-specific spread. Understanding the networks of chemokines and their receptors in cancer will enable manipulation of this system. Both chemokines and their receptors represent targets for therapeutic intervention either with antibodies or small molecule antagonists. However, due to the complexity of the system, and the number of chemokines and receptors that are also expressed by normal cells, issues remain concerning whether systemic or local drug delivery are preferable and whether the redundancy of the system will compensate if one chemokine or receptor is targeted. Nevertheless, efficacy has been demonstrated in a number of experimental models. By targeting this network, it may be possible to generate anti-tumor immune responses by altering the chemokine and/or leukocyte balance in tumors; alternatively, chemokine/chemokine receptor-expressing cancer cells could be directly targeted.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk