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Hum Pathol. 2006 Nov;37(11):1498-502. Epub 2006 Sep 25.

Medullary carcinoma of the pancreas in a man with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer due to a mutation of the MSH2 mismatch repair gene.

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  • 1Centre for Colorectal Disease, St Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. niamhbanville@yahoo.ie

Abstract

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma has been reported in kindreds with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). Medullary carcinoma of the pancreas is a recently described rare variant of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. We describe a man with colorectal carcinoma who subsequently developed pancreatic medullary carcinoma. The tumor displayed microsatellite instability and loss of expression of the mismatch repair proteins MSH2 and MSH6. Mutational analysis of the mismatch repair genes MLH1 and MSH2 demonstrated a pathogenic nonsense mutation within the MSH2 gene, which is consistent with a diagnosis of HNPCC. This report adds support to an association between HNPCC and pancreatic adenocarcinoma displaying the medullary phenotype, suggesting that medullary features in a pancreatic carcinoma may point toward a genetic cancer predisposition. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of medullary carcinoma of the pancreas in a patient with HNPCC due to a mutation of the MSH2 gene.

PMID:
16996571
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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