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J Refract Surg. 2006 Sep;22(7):708-12.

Correlation between TGF-beta1 in tears and corneal haze following LASEK and epi-LASIK.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academic of Medical Science, Medical College, Peking, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the incidence and degree of corneal haze formation following laser subepithelial keratomileusis (LASEK) and epithelial laser in situ keratomileusis (epi-LASIK), and examine its correlation with tear film transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) levels.

METHODS:

This prospective, interventional, clinical trial included 20 eyes (20 patients) randomly assigned to undergo LASEK or epi-LASIK. The level of TGF-beta1 in tear fluid was measured preoperatively and 1, 3, and 5 days postoperatively. Corneal haze was graded at 1 and 3 months after surgery, and the relationship with TGF-beta1 levels was determined.

RESULTS:

Mean preoperative spherical equivalent refraction was -4.50 +/- 1.44 diopters (D) (range: -1.50 to -6.00 D) for LASEK eyes and -4.90 +/- 1.26 D (range: -1.75 to -6.00 D) for epi-LASIK eyes. Although mean corneal haze scores at 1 month were significantly higher in LASEK-treated eyes than in epi-LASIK treated eyes (P=.031), these scores were similar at 3 months (P=.608). Tear fluid TGF-beta1 levels were similar in LASEK and epi-LASIK eyes before surgery (P=.458) and significantly higher in the LASEK group at 1, 3, and 5 days postoperatively (P=.015, P=.023, and P=.039, respectively). A positive correlation was noted between tear TGF-beta1 levels on the first postoperative day and the degree of corneal haze at 1 month (r=0.501, P=.016).

CONCLUSIONS:

Less corneal haze was noted after epi-LASIK than LASEK. A positive correlation between corneal haze and tear fluid TGF-beta1 levels on the first postoperative day suggest a possible mechanism for the observed difference.

PMID:
16995554
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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