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Infect Immun. 2006 Oct;74(10):5687-92.

Induction of neutrophil chemotaxis by the quorum-sensing molecule N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone.

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  • 1Institut für Immunologie der Universität Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 305, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

Acyl homoserine lactones are synthesized by Pseudomonas aeruginosa as signaling molecules which control production of virulence factors and biofilm formation in a paracrine manner. We found that N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone (3OC12-HSL), but not its 3-deoxo isomer or acyl-homoserine lactones with shorter fatty acids, induced the directed migration (chemotaxis) of human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) in vitro. By use of selective inhibitors a signaling pathway, comprising phosphotyrosine kinases, phospholipase C, protein kinase C, and mitogen-activated protein kinase C, could be delineated. In contrast to the well-studied chemokines complement C5a and interleukin 8, the chemotaxis did not depend on pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins, indicating that 3OC12-HSL uses another signaling pathway. Strong evidence for the presence of a receptor for 3OC12-HSL on PMN was derived from uptake studies; by use of radiolabeled 3OC12-HSL, specific and saturable binding to PMN was seen. Taken together, our data provide evidence that PMN recognize and migrate toward a source of 3OC12-HSL (that is, to the site of a developing biofilm). We propose that this early attraction of PMN could contribute to prevention of biofilm formation.

PMID:
16988244
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1594900
Free PMC Article
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