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Antioxid Redox Signal. 2006 Sep-Oct;8(9-10):1447-59.

Redox-dependent expression of cyclin D1 and cell proliferation by Nox1 in mouse lung epithelial cells.

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  • 1Department of Pathology and Vermont Cancer Center, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, 05405, USA.


NADPH oxidases produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) that serve as co-stimulatory signals for cell proliferation. In mouse lung epithelial cells that express Nox1, Nox2, Nox4, p22(phox), p47(phox), p67(phox), and Noxo1, overexpression of Nox1 delayed cell cycle withdrawal by maintaining AP-1-dependent expression of cyclin D1 in low serum conditions. In cycling cells, the effects of Nox1 were dose dependent: levels of Nox1 that induced 3- to 10-fold increases in ROS promoted phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and expression of cyclin D1, whereas expression of Nox1 with Noxo1 and Noxa1 (or expression of Nox4 alone) that induced substantial increases in intracellular ROS inhibited cyclin D1 and proliferation. Catalase reversed the effects of Nox1 on cyclin D1 and cell proliferation. Diphenylene iodonium, an inhibitor of NADPH oxidase activity, did not affect dosedependent responses of ERK1/2 or Akt to serum, but markedly inhibited the sequential expression of c-Fos and Fra-1 required for induction of cyclin D1 during cell cycle re-entry. These results indicate that Nox1 stimulates cell proliferation in actively cycling cells by reducing the requirement for growth factors to maintain expression of cyclin D1, whereas during cell cycle re-entry, NADPH oxidase activity is required for transcriptional activation of Fos family genes during the immediate early gene response.

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