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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2006 Oct;65(4):423-8.

Lower ability to oxidize lipids in adult patients with growth hormone (GH) deficiency: reversal under GH treatment.

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  • 1Service Central de Physiologie Clinique, Centre d'Exploration et de Réadaptation des Anomalies du Métabolisme Musculaire, CHU Montpellier, France. fredbrandou@yahoo.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of the study was to characterize lipid oxidation at exercise in adults with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) and to evaluate the effect of 6 and 12 months of GH replacement therapy on substrate carbohydrate (CHO) and lipid utilization at exercise.

PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS:

Twenty-five patients with GHD and 40 matched controls participated in the study. Ten of the 25 GH-deficient patients were treated with recombinant GH for 12 months. Anthropometric measurements and exercise calorimetry were performed before and after treatment. Maximal fat oxidation and the crossover point [that is the percentage of the theoretical maximal power (Wmax th) where CHO become the predominant fuel used for oxidation] were determined.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:

The GH-deficient patients exhibited a highly significant shift in the balance of substrate oxidation during exercise, towards a decrease in fat oxidation, and a shift towards lower intensities of the crossover (52 +/- 5.5%vs. 72.6 +/- 6.6% of Wmax th, P < 0.03) and maximal fat oxidation (131.04 +/- 14 vs. 234.4 +/- 30.1 mg/min, P < 0.03) in the GHD and control groups, respectively. However, GH treatment at 6 and 12 months partially reversed this defect, resulting in an increase (+83%, P < 0.001) in the maximal ability to oxidize fat during exercise. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that a lack of GH reduces the ability to oxidize lipids during exercise and that GH treatment restores this muscular metabolic property.

PMID:
16984232
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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