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Mol Genet Metab. 2007 Feb;90(2):181-92. Epub 2006 Sep 18.

Effect of neonatal administration of a retroviral vector expressing alpha-L-iduronidase upon lysosomal storage in brain and other organs in mucopolysaccharidosis I mice.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.


Mucopolysaccharidosis I (MPS I) due to deficient alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA) activity results in accumulation of glycosaminoglycans in many cells. Gene therapy could program cells to secrete IDUA modified with mannose 6-phosphate (M6P), and enzyme could be taken up by other cells via the M6P receptor. We previously reported that newborn MPS I mice that were injected intravenously with 10(9) (high-dose) or 10(8) (low-dose) transducing units/kg of a retroviral vector (RV) expressing canine IDUA achieved stable levels of IDUA activity in serum and had reduced disease in heart, eye, ear, and bone in a dose-dependent fashion. However, the dose required for improvement in manifestations of disease in other organs was not reported. High-dose and low-dose RV mice with an average serum IDUA activity of 1037+/-90 U/ml (471-fold normal) and 43+/-12 U/ml (20-fold normal), respectively, had complete correction of biochemical and pathological evidence of disease in the liver, spleen, kidney, and small intestines. Although mice that received high-dose RV had complete correction of lysosomal storage in thymus, ovary, lung, and testis, correction in these organs was only partial for those that received low-dose RV. Storage in brain was almost completely corrected with high-dose RV, but was not improved with low-dose RV. The correction of disease in brain may be due to diffusion of enzyme from blood. We conclude that high-dose RV prevents biochemical and pathological manifestations of disease in all organs in MPS I mice including brain.

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