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Stem Cells Dev. 2006 Aug;15(4):507-22.

Multipotent adult progenitor cell lines originating from the peripheral blood of green fluorescent protein transgenic swine.

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  • 1Dalton Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. pricee@missouri.edu

Abstract

Multipotent self-renewing stem cell lines have been established using peripheral blood mononuclear cells from adult green fluorescent protein transgenic swine. These cells proliferate as nonadherent spheroids in primordial-specific culture media and readily differentiate into angiogenic, osteogenic, adipogenic, and neurogenic phenotypes when cultured under the appropriate conditions. These cells are designated peripheral blood-derived multipotent adult progenitor cells (PBD-MAPCs). When differentiated in endothelial-specific media, these cells exhibit a cobblestone morphology and express von Willebrand factor (vWF), take up 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethyl-indocarboxyanine-labeled acetylated low-density lipoprotein DiI-Ac-LDL, and form tubes with lumens when grown on pads of Matrigel. Under different culture conditions, the cells appear whorl-like in appearance and express alpha-actin, indicative of smooth muscle phenotype. In the presence of dexamethasone and ascorbic acid, PBD-MAPCs differentiate into cells that produce Alizarin Red-staining extracellular mineral, consistent with an osteogenic potential. Under different conditions the cells produce Oil Red O-staining lipid vacuoles, suggestive of an adipocyte phenotype. We have also developed conditions that induce PBDMAPCs to differentiate into neural cells, confirmed by the expression of specific neuron- and glial-specific markers. Upon transplantation into rat brain, the neurogenic cells survive and migrate throughout the striatum and corpus callosum. The cells remain brightly fluorescent throughout their time in culture, during in vitro differentiation, and after in vivo transplantation. PBD-MAPCs have been maintained in primordial cell media for more than 100 doublings, yet can be induced to differentiate rapidly and efficiently into distinct cell types. PBD-MAPCs are ideal tools to study the mechanisms of differentiation and may be superior to embryonic stem cells as cellular therapeutics.

PMID:
16978055
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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