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Holist Nurs Pract. 2006 Sep-Oct;20(5):218-24; quiz 225-6.

The effect of music on pain and acute confusion in older adults undergoing hip and knee surgery.

Author information

  • 1Christine E Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA. rmccaffr@fau.edu


The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music listening in older adults following hip or knee surgery. Acute confusion and pain after surgery can increase length of stay and reduce function. Study results demonstrate a reduction in acute confusion and pain and improved ambulation and higher satisfaction scores in older adults who listened to music.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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