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Immunity. 2006 Sep;25(3):441-54.

Cellular mechanisms of fatal early-onset autoimmunity in mice with the T cell-specific targeting of transforming growth factor-beta receptor.

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  • 1Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA. marie@cervi-lyon.inserm.fr

Abstract

Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has been implicated in the control of differentiation and proliferation of multiple cell types. However, a role for TGF-beta in the control of immune homeostasis is not fully understood because of its pleiotropic action. Here we report that complete ablation of the TGF-beta signaling in T cells engendered aggressive early-onset, multiorgan, autoimmune-associated lesions with 100% mortality. Peripheral CD4+ and CD8+ T cells with TGF-beta-receptor II (TGF-betaRII) deficiency activated cytolytic and T helper 1 (Th1) differentiation program in a cell-intrinsic T cell receptor (TCR)-specific fashion. Furthermore, TGF-betaRII deficiency blocked the development of canonical CD1d-restricted NKT cells. Instead, it facilitated generation of a highly pathogenic T cell subset exhibiting multiple hallmarks of NK cells and sharply elevated amounts of FasL, perforin, granzymes, and interferon-gamma. Thus, TGF-beta signaling in peripheral T cells is crucial in restraining TCR activation-dependent Th1, cytotoxic, and NK cell-like differentiation program which, when left unchecked, leads to rapidly progressing fatal autoimmunity.

PMID:
16973387
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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