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Oncol Rep. 2006 Oct;16(4):705-11.

Proteomic analysis of a highly metastatic gastric cancer cell line using two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis.

Author information

  • 1Immunotherapy Division, Shizuoka Cancer Center Research Institute, Shizuoka 411-8777, Japan.

Abstract

Stomach cancer is still a major cause of death in Asian people despite a complete cure after the resection of early cancers, mainly because peritoneal dissemination is difficult to treat. In the present study, we used two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis (2-D DIGE) to identify specific proteins differentially expressed between a highly metastatic stomach cancer cell line MKN-45-P and its parental cell line MKN-45. We detected 27 protein spots in at least 2 of 3 experiments which showed statistically significant differences in abundance. All 27 protein spots were identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) and database-searching software. A proteomic analysis revealed 13 different proteins with some isoforms sharing different biochemical characteristics, and that 8 proteins were up-regulated, and 5 were down-regulated. The 13 proteins were mainly involved in protein synthesis (transfer RNA synthetase), metabolism (flavoprotein subunit, pyruvate kinase, adenylate kinase), receptor and signal transduction (annexins I and A2), the cytoskeleton (keratin 5, cytokeratin 8) and cell cycling (ts11). These results suggested that a proteomic approach including 2-D DIGE would be an efficient way to identify the proteins responsible for specific biological functions. Moreover, these observations might be novel findings leading to the prediction of postoperative peritoneal recurrence.

PMID:
16969483
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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