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Tissue Eng. 2006 Aug;12(8):2131-40.

Review. Hyaluronan: a powerful tissue engineering tool.

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  • 1Department of Bioengineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77251-1892, USA.


Hyaluronan (HA) is a versatile molecular tool with considerable potential for tissue engineering applications. The inclusion of HA has created biocompatible biomaterials and engineered tissues that can be crosslinked or degraded controllably and can facilitate angiogenesis, osteointegration, and cell phenotype preservation. The utility of HA in tissue engineering has been broadened further by the recently identified HA synthases, which can be manipulated to stimulate the endogenous production of HA by cells seeded within biomaterial scaffolds. Overall, HA shows great promise in the development of engineered tissues and biomaterials for a variety of biomedical needs including orthopedic, cardiovascular, pharmacologic, and oncologic applications.

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