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Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull. 2005 Aug;31(2):75-82.

Use of parenteral magnesium sulphate in eclampsia and severe pre-eclampsia cases in a rural set up of Bangladesh.

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  • 1Deptt. of Obst. & Gynae, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka.

Abstract

This was a quasi-experimental interventional study to see the role of injection magnesium sulphate in eclampsia and severe pre-eclampsia patients at community level in a rural set up before referral to the hospital. This study was conducted on 265 cases of eclampsia and severe pre-eclampsia over a period of six months from July 2001 to December 2001. Among 265 cases, 133 were in intervention group who had received loading dose of injection magnesium sulphate before referral and the rest 132 were in non-intervention group, had not received injection magnesium sulphate before admision in hospital. The number (mean +/- SD) of convulsion before treatment in intervention and non-intervention groups were 4.7 +/- 2.64 & 6.86 +/- 2.97 respectively. Recurrence of fits observed more in non-intervention group and the difference was statistically significant (p<.001). Mean (+/- SD) time taken to regain full consciousness was 12.0+9.6 and 17.4+7.4 hours in the intervention and non-intervention group respectively (p<.05). Control of convulsion by loading dose of 10 gm of injection magnesium sulphate was achieved in 94.0% of the intervention group and 74.0% in non-intervention group. There was only 3(2.3%) maternal death in study group whereas in non-intervention group maternal death was 14(10.4%) and the difference was highly significant (p<.005). Fourteen (13.7%) babies were still born in intervention group and 21(20%) in non-intervention group. The difference was statistically highly significant (p<.001). Remarkable achievements were obtained through use of magnesium sulphate at the community level at rural setting among the eclampsia and severe pre-eclampsia cases.

PMID:
16967813
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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