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Peptides. 2006 Dec;27(12):3245-54. Epub 2006 Sep 8.

Hypothalamic clamp on insulin release by leptin-transgene expression.

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  • 1Department of Neuroscience, University of Florida, McKnight Brain Institute, PO Box 100244, Gainesville, FL 32610-0244, USA.

Abstract

The effects of sustained leptin action locally in the hypothalamus on the functional link between fat accrual and insulin secretion after chronic high fat diet (HFD) consumption in leptin-deficient ob/ob mice, and on the post-prandial insulin response in rats consuming regular chow diet (RCD), was examined in this study. A single intracerebroventricular (icv) injection of recombinant adeno-associated virus vector encoding leptin gene (rAAV-lep) enhanced hypothalamic leptin-transgene expression in ob/ob mice consuming RCD and suppressed the time-related weight gain and fat accumulation concomitant with abrogation of hyperinsulinemia and enhanced glucose tolerance. This increased hypothalamic leptin-transgene expression continued to impose insulinopenia and increased glucose tolerance but was ineffective in suppressing weight gain and fat accumulation after these mice were switched to chronic HFD consumption. A similar icv rAAV-lep pretreatment in rats consuming RCD markedly attenuated the post-prandial rise in insulin release concomitant with suppressed weight and fat depots. These results show for the first time that a sustained hypothalamic leptin action can stably clamp pancreatic insulin secretion independent of the status of fat accrual engendered by diets of varying caloric enrichment. Thus, the efficacy of increased leptin afferent signaling in the hypothalamus to persistently restrain pancreatic insulin release and insulin resistance can be explored as an adjunct therapeutic modality to alleviate pathophysiological derrangements that confer type 2 diabetes.

PMID:
16962683
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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