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Am J Hum Genet. 2006 Oct;79(4):702-9. Epub 2006 Aug 17.

CRYBA4, a novel human cataract gene, is also involved in microphthalmia.

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  • 1Program of Genetics and Genomic Biology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1X8, Canada.

Abstract

Genetic analysis of a large Indian family with an autosomal dominant cataract phenotype allowed us to identify a novel cataract gene, CRYBA4. After a genomewide screen, linkage analysis identified a maximum LOD score of 3.20 (recombination fraction [theta] 0.001) with marker D22S1167 of the beta -crystallin gene cluster on chromosome 22. To date, CRYBA4 was the only gene in this cluster not associated with either human or murine cataracts. A pathogenic mutation was identified in exon 4 that segregated with the disease status. The c.317T-->C sequence change is predicted to replace the highly conserved hydrophobic amino acid phenylalanine94 with the hydrophilic amino acid serine. Modeling suggests that this substitution would significantly reduce the intrinsic stability of the crystalline monomer, which would impair its ability to form the association modes critical for lens transparency. Considering that CRYBA4 associates with CRYBB2 and that the latter protein has been implicated in microphthalmia, mutational analysis of CRYBA4 was performed in 32 patients affected with microphthalmia (small eye). We identified a c.242T-->C (Leu69Pro) sequence change in exon 4 in one patient, which is predicted here to disrupt the beta -sheet structure in CRYBA4. Protein folding would consequently be impaired, most probably leading to a structure with reduced stability in the mutant. This is the first report linking mutations in CRYBA4 to cataractogenesis and microphthalmia.

PMID:
16960806
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1592554
Free PMC Article
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