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Am J Hum Genet. 2006 Oct;79(4):614-27. Epub 2006 Aug 30.

Genetic mapping at 3-kilobase resolution reveals inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor 3 as a risk factor for type 1 diabetes in Sweden.

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  • 1Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA 98103, USA. jroach@systemsbiology.org

Abstract

We mapped the genetic influences for type 1 diabetes (T1D), using 2,360 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers in the 4.4-Mb human major histocompatibility complex (MHC) locus and the adjacent 493 kb centromeric to the MHC, initially in a survey of 363 Swedish T1D cases and controls. We confirmed prior studies showing association with T1D in the MHC, most significantly near HLA-DR/DQ. In the region centromeric to the MHC, we identified a peak of association within the inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor 3 gene (ITPR3; formerly IP3R3). The most significant single SNP in this region was at the center of the ITPR3 peak of association (P=1.7 x 10(-4) for the survey study). For validation, we typed an additional 761 Swedish individuals. The P value for association computed from all 1,124 individuals was 1.30 x 10(-6) (recessive odds ratio 2.5; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.7-3.9). The estimated population-attributable risk of 21.6% (95% CI 10.0%-31.0%) suggests that variation within ITPR3 reflects an important contribution to T1D in Sweden. Two-locus regression analysis supports an influence of ITPR3 variation on T1D that is distinct from that of any MHC class II gene.

PMID:
16960798
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1592562
Free PMC Article

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