Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
CNS Drug Rev. 2006 Summer;12(2):100-12.

A-85380: a pharmacological probe for the preclinical and clinical investigation of the alphabeta neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor.

Author information

  • 1Abbott Laboratories, Neuroscience Research, Global Pharmaceutical Research and Development, Abbott Park, IL, USA. lynne.e.rueter@abbott.com

Abstract

A-85380 [3-(2(s)-azetidinylmethoxy) pyridine] is a neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonist that has been a useful tool in the investigation of the function of nAChRs in both preclinical and clinical studies. Amongst nAChR subtypes, A-85380 shows selectivity for the alpha(4)beta(2) vs. the alpha(7) or alpha(1)beta(1)deltagamma nAChRs. In functional in vitro cation flux assays, A-85380 is a potent and full agonist. A-85380 has a broad-spectrum analgesic profile with efficacy in acute, persistent, and neuropathic pain models. As demonstrated using selective nAChR antagonists or alpha(4) antisense, the alpha(4)beta(2) nAChR mediates the analgesic effects of A-85380. Interestingly, the site of action depends upon the type of pain as antinociception is mediated by descending inhibition into the spinal cord whereas anti-allodynia in neuropathic pain is mediated at both central and peripheral sites. Radiolabelled forms of A-85380 have been developed and shown to be safe for use in vivo in humans. In clinical studies using positron and photon emission tomography, marked decreases in alpha(4)beta(2) nAChRs have been seen in patients with Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease. Although not developed as a therapeutic agent, A-85380 has proven to be an important component in the development of novel nAChR ligands for the treatment of pain and other disorders.

PMID:
16958984
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk