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J Vet Intern Med. 2006 Jul-Aug;20(4):933-40.

Recurrence rate, clinical outcome, and cellular proliferation indices as prognostic indicators after incomplete surgical excision of cutaneous grade II mast cell tumors: 28 dogs (1994-2002).

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  • 1Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, USA. bernard.seguin@oregonstate.edu


The objectives of this study were to determine local recurrence rate, clinical outcome, and prognostic value of the number of argyrophylic nucleolar organizer regions (AgNORs), presence of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and number of Ki-67-positive nuclei after incomplete surgical excision of canine cutaneous grade II mast cell tumors (MCTs). This retrospective study included 30 MCTs in 28 dogs. Medical records were examined and follow-up information was obtained from owners and referring veterinarians. Only cases in which excision was incomplete and no anvcillary therapy (other than prednisone) for MCT was given were included. Paraffin-embedded tumor tissues were retrieved for AgNORs, PCNA, and Ki-67 staining. Median follow-up time was 811.5 days. Seven (23.3%) tumors recurred locally. Median time to local recurrence was not reached with a mean of 1,713 days. The estimated proportions of tumors that recurred locally at 1, 2, and 5 years were 17.3, 22.1, and 33.3%, respectively. Eleven (39.3%) dogs developed MCTs at other cutaneous locations. Median progression-free survival was 1,044 days. Median overall survival was 1,426 days. The combination of Ki-67 and PCNA scores was prognostic for local recurrence (P = .03) and development of local recurrence was prognostic for decreased overall survival (P = .04). Results suggest that a minority of incompletely excised MCTs recur. Therefore, ancillary local therapies may not always be necessary. However, local recurrence can negatively affect survival of the affected dogs. Cellular proliferation indices may indicate the likelihood of MCT recurrence after incomplete excision.

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