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Exp Cell Res. 2006 Nov 1;312(18):3620-30. Epub 2006 Aug 10.

Tyrosine residues 654 and 670 in beta-catenin are crucial in regulation of Met-beta-catenin interactions.

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  • 1Department of Pathology (CMP), University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA.


beta-Catenin, a key component of the canonical Wnt pathway, is also regulated by tyrosine phosphorylation that regulates its association to E-cadherin. Previously, we reported its association with the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) receptor Met at the membrane. HGF induced Met-beta-catenin dissociation and nuclear translocation of beta-catenin, which was tyrosine-phosphorylation-dependent. Here, we further investigate the Met-beta-catenin interaction by selectively mutating several tyrosine residues, alone or in combination, in beta-catenin. The mutants were subcloned into FLAG-CMV vector and stably transfected into rat hepatoma cells, which were treated with HGF. All single or double-mutant-transfected cells continued to show HGF-induced nuclear translocation of FLAG-beta-catenin except the mutations affecting 654 and 670 simultaneously (Y654/670F), which coincided with the lack of formation of beta-catenin-TCF complex and DNA synthesis, in response to the HGF treatment. In addition, the Y654/670F-transfected cells also showed no phosphorylation of beta-catenin or dissociation from Met in response to HGF. Thus, intact 654 and 670 tyrosine residues in beta-catenin are crucial in HGF-mediated beta-catenin translocation, activation and mitogenesis.

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