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Biol Psychiatry. 2007 Mar 1;61(5):720-4. Epub 2006 Sep 1.

Ventral striatal hyporesponsiveness during reward anticipation in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA. ascheres@u.arizona.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although abnormalities in reward processing have been proposed to underlie attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), this link has not been tested explicitly with neural probes.

METHODS:

This hypothesis was tested by using fMRI to compare neural activity within the striatum in individuals with ADHD and healthy controls during a reward-anticipation task that has been shown previously to produce reliable increases in ventral striatum activity in healthy adults and healthy adolescents. Eleven adolescents with ADHD (5 off medication and 6 medication-naïve) and 11 healthy controls (ages 12-17 y) were included. Groups were matched for age, gender, and intelligence quotient.

RESULTS:

We found reduced ventral striatal activation in adolescents with ADHD during reward anticipation, relative to healthy controls. Moreover, ventral striatal activation was negatively correlated with parent-rated hyperactive/impulsive symptoms across the entire sample.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings provide neural evidence that symptoms of ADHD, and impulsivity or hyperactivity in particular, may involve diminished reward anticipation, in addition to commonly observed executive dysfunction.

PMID:
16950228
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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