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Eur Urol. 2007 May;51(5):1236-40; discussion 1241-3. Epub 2006 Aug 4.

Initial biopsy outcome prediction--head-to-head comparison of a logistic regression-based nomogram versus artificial neural network.

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  • 1Cancer Prognostics and Health Outcomes Unit, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Nomograms and artificial neural networks (ANNs) represent alternative methodologic approaches to predict the probability of prostate cancer on initial biopsy. We hypothesized that, in a head-to-head comparison, one of the approaches might demonstrate better accuracy and performance characteristics than the other.

METHODS:

A previously published nomogram, which relies on age, digital rectal examination, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and percent-free PSA, and an ANN, which relies on the same predictors plus prostate volume, were applied to a cohort of 3980 men, who were subjected to multicore systematic prostate biopsy. The accuracy and the performance characteristics were compared between these two approaches.

RESULTS:

The accuracy of the nomogram was 71% versus 67% for the ANN (p=0.0001). Graphical exploration of the performance characteristics demonstrated virtually perfect predictions for the nomogram. Conversely, the ANN underestimated the observed rate of prostate cancer.

CONCLUSIONS:

A 4% increase in predictive accuracy implies that the use of the nomogram instead of the ANN will result in 40 additional patients who will be correctly classified between benign and cancer.

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PMID:
16945477
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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