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J Clin Oncol. 2006 Sep 1;24(25):4092-9.

Phase I dose escalation and pharmacokinetic study of enzastaurin, an oral protein kinase C beta inhibitor, in patients with advanced cancer.

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  • 1Division of Medical Oncology, Kimmel Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This phase I study was conducted to determine the recommended dose of enzastaurin, an oral protein kinase C beta (PKCbeta) inhibitor, for phase II trials. Secondary objectives were maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), pharmacokinetics (PK), toxicity, and response.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Patients at least 18 years of age with advanced cancer and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1 lower received enzastaurin orally once daily at a starting dose of 20 mg. Dose escalation proceeded using a modified Simon design.

RESULTS:

All 47 patients enrolled (mean age, 58 years) received at least one dose of enzastaurin, with a median of two cycles (range, one to 17 cycles). Prevalent malignancies were lung (n = 10) and head and neck cancers (n = 9). Although no MTD was identified up to 700 mg/d, 525 mg was chosen as the recommended dose, and 12 additional patients were accrued at that level. Three dose-limiting toxicities (QTc changes) occurred: one at the 700-mg dose (patient discontinued), and two in the expansion cohort at the 525-mg dose. Total analytes (enzastaurin and its metabolites) exposure increased with increasing doses up to 240 mg, and appeared to plateau at 525 and 700 mg. Grade 1 chromaturia, fatigue, and other GI toxicities were the most common, while no clinically significant grade 3/4 toxicities occurred. Two deaths, unrelated to enzastaurin, occurred. Twenty-one patients (45%) achieved stable disease (SD) for two to 16 cycles.

CONCLUSION:

On the basis of plasma exposures and safety data, enzastaurin 525 mg once daily is the recommended phase II dose. Enzastaurin is well tolerated up to 700 mg/d. Evidence of early activity was seen with significant stable disease.

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PMID:
16943527
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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