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Neuroscience. 1990;35(1):139-44.

In vivo evidence that 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) neuronal firing and release are not necessarily correlated with 5-HT metabolism.

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  • 1Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, U.K.

Abstract

The relationship between 5-hydroxytryptamine release, metabolism and unit activity has been investigated in the anaesthetized rat. 5-Hydroxytryptamine release and metabolism were monitored in vivo by the measurement of extracellular 5-hydroxytryptamine and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid in the frontal cortex using in vivo voltammetry combined with nafion-coated and uncoated electrically pretreated carbon fibre electrodes. The monoamine oxidase inhibitor pargyline (100 mg/kg) increased extracellular 5-hydroxytryptamine and decreased 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid. The 5-hydroxytryptamine releaser fenfluramine (10 mg/kg i.p.) acutely increased extracellular 5-hydroxytryptamine while having no effect on 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid and the effect on extracellular 5-hydroxytryptamine was markedly reduced in rats pretreated (four weeks) with 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine. 8-Hydroxy-2-(di-n-propyl-amino) tetralin (10 micrograms/kg i.v.), an agonist at the 5-hydroxytryptamine1A somatodendritic autoreceptor, inhibited 5-hydroxytryptamine neuronal firing in the dorsal raphe nucleus and decreased extracellular 5-hydroxytryptamine during the period when firing was inhibited but did not alter extracellular 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid. In contrast 5-methoxy-3-(1,2,3,6-tetrahydro-4-pyridin-4-yl) (RU 24969), which is an agonist at the terminal autoreceptor in the rat, had no effect on 5-hydroxytryptamine neuronal firing but decreased 5-hydroxytryptamine and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid. The results support the view that extracellular 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid is not a good index of 5-hydroxytryptamine release and that under specific circumstances 5-hydroxytryptamine neuronal firing, release and metabolism are independent of one another.

PMID:
1694283
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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